Vapor Smoothing 3D Printed Parts - PLA, colorFabb, XT, T-Glase, PET+

 

As you've seen in some of my previous posts, I've spent a fair amount of time experimenting with using an acetone vapor bath to smooth 3D Printed parts. Recently, I saw this cool make of a Moai head posted by thingiverse member Shapespeare.  He used acrylic cement to manually smooth the PLA printed part with a really great result.  This looks awesome, but I don't want to deal with a bunch of little jars of acrylic cement and I'm not sure about the full list of chemicals contained. That got me thinking back to vapor polishing PLA and other materials.  I've read about using THF as a vapor to smooth parts, but have also read concerns about storage of the chemical.  It's also quite expensive.   I've also read about people using DMC.  This is a standard industrial vapor polishing solvent, but is hard to come by and really should only be used with a vapor recovery system for safety. So, on a whim, I tried out some 'MEK Substitute'.  According to a closer read of the label, it is Ethyl Acetate, which is used in some acetone free nail polish removers, processing of some food products, and is generated in the wine fermentation process according to the always accurate wikipedia.  It's sold in the paint aisle of hardware stores as a replacement for MEK, which is harder to come by and more potentially harmful to your health. I decided to use the Cute Octo model for this experiment.  My daughters really like carrying these around so I figured it wouldn't hurt to have a few more laying around.  It also has enough minimal detail to judge effectiveness of the polishing, but not so much that the detail is ruined. I printed up 5 Cute Octos in the following materials. 
  • colorFabb woodfill coarse
  • Pink PLA
  • Blue Grey colorFabb PLA/PHA
  • colorFabb XT
  • Black Madesolid PET+
Here is a gallery of the 'as-printed' octos.  These were printed on an Ultimaker with a modified 0.8mm nozzle (future post coming about why I love my 0.8mm nozzle) using a printing profile that was primarily optimized for woodfill with adjustments made only to temperature and cooling for the different materials.  Layer height was a fairly beefy 200 um to make the smoothing more obvious. 2014-03-20 18.38.04 [gallery link="file" ids="3157,3156,3155,3154,3153" orderby="rand"] I then poured a little of the Ethyl Acetate into the bottom of the trusty vapor polishing machine (a deep fryer), set the octos in the basket, and turned up the heat.  As soon as I saw vapor condensed on the tops of the parts I turned off the heat and removed the basket. **Note:  If you are performing this process, use appropriate safety precautions.  Breathing mask, safety glasses / goggles, solvent gloves, and a well ventilated area are all a good idea.** Here are the results.  As you can see, most of the parts smoothed very well.  There are still visible printing lines, but just barely.  The parts do feel quite smooth when you run your fingernail across them.  I'd conclude that this process works, but more is needed to really nail down time and temperature process settings.   The XT definitely did NOT clarify like I have seen with my past acetone experiments, but it smoothed extremely well.   The woodfill seemed to just bleach out.  I wouldn't recommend doing this with woodfill.   2014-03-21 18.16.28[gallery link="file" ids="3141,3142,3143,3147,3148,3144,3145,3146,3149,3150"]


Matthew Gorton
Matthew Gorton

Author

Matthew Gorton is the founder of printedsolid.com. He is a mechanical / materials engineer by education and has worked as a design, process and quality engineer in the medical, electronics, and aerospace industries. He is enthusiastic about applying all he has learned through these experiences to 3D printing and sharing that with others.



8 Responses

Daniyal
Daniyal

March 30, 2016

I have to make a water pump as my first year bachelors project in mechanical engineering, can anyone please tell me if the polish applied to the 3d-printed objects makes it also waterproof?

Matthew Gorton
Matthew Gorton

March 20, 2016

ESA, This definitely doesn’t work as well as acetone with ABS, but you should be getting some results. I found that some colors and brands worked better than others. Maybe give it a try with other parts or a different brand of ethyl acetate?

Esa
Esa

March 19, 2016

I did try polishing with nail polish remover that was mainly ethyl acetate. Didn’t got that well. It was cold outside and my diy vapor can didn’t stay warm enough to vapor whole object. Parts that did get vapor, only barely smoothed and turned dull and white. White in this picture is not shine. http://imgur.com/7czlBs0

I did also try to brush, soak and wipe test prints with this stuff, but the results are not worth it. I would have to paint over to hide the white marks and the paint alone is enough to hide layers and mistakes.

Jay
Jay

February 05, 2016

Ethyl Acetate is the main ingredient in non-acetone nail polish remover, so finding MEK substitute isn’t needed.

I find it ironic that normal nail polisher remover (Acetone) is great for ABS where non-acetone nail polish remover (Ethyl Acetate) is great for PLA.

Matthew Gorton
Matthew Gorton

December 15, 2015

When I polished, it’s heated for only a few seconds in an electric fryer. If you use the sun as your heat source, you’d have to experiment a bit. You don’t want that part in the vapor for long. Once you see vapor condensed on the part, you want to pull it out of the vapor.

Cherise
Cherise

December 10, 2015

How long did you have to heat the solution for? I live in the tropics and am trying to automate the process by leaving it in the sun, so I’d like to know how long did you take.

On a side note, MEK is known to be pretty explosive so storing it is a problem as well. I googled chemical companies in my area to buy ethyl acetate directly from them. It’s impossible to find in DIY/home depot stores since its so specific.

Matthew Gorton
Matthew Gorton

November 21, 2015

I’ve only really spent time doing this with the Klean Strip brand. You can buy straight ethyl acetate. You can also use MEK, but probably pretty hazardous for your health, so be careful.

B Gard
B Gard

November 20, 2015

I’ve been looking everywhere to come up with some Ethyl Acetate. Klean Strip no longer sells ‘MEK Substitute’. Do you know of another easily accessible sources for Ethyl Acetate? Or have you found anything else that works well for smoothing PLA prints?

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